Pollution is known as the contamination of the natural environment by means of chemical substance, noise, heat or light. This causes adverse changes to the atmosphere and is a major threat to the people.
December 2: Today we are celebrating National Pollution Control Day and this day also marks the 35th anniversary of the Bhopal gas tragedy.
HOW THIS DAY IS LINKED TO BHOPAL GAS DISASTER?
Bhopal gas tragedy is known to be the world's worst industrial disaster that happened on December 2, 1984, claiming more than 3000 lives and affecting around 5 lakh people.
The incident took place at the Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India when on the night of December 2-3 a poisonous gas (Methyl isocyanide) was leaked. The gas spread in the city causing a burning sensation in people's lungs.
Within a few weeks of the accident, many people suffered from common ailments such as tuberculosis and anemia. Till date, nobody knows what has actually happened and how to treat patients who were exposed to the gas. The disaster even affected mothers’ wombs, not even one child was born healthy.
SOME FACTS WHICH CAUSED THE TRAGEDY
# Usage of hazardous chemicals (methyl isocyanide) instead of less dangerous ones
# Storage of the chemicals in large tanks instead of small size steel drums
# Poor maintenance at the factory due to cutting costs and production dropped down to NIL
# Failure of the safety systems which caused due to poor maintenance and usage of low-grade steel
National Pollution Control Day remembers the people who have lost their lives in the tragedy and this day creates awareness among the people how to fight and the main thing is preventing pollution.
OBJECTIVES OF THE DAY
# Spreading awareness about managing the industries and to prevent disasters in the future.
# Prevention of the pollution spread by the industries mainly due to human negligence.
# To put pollution control acts into force and making people aware of them.
Around 7 million people across the world die due to air pollution as per the National Health Portal of India. Based on the statistics, 9 among the 10 people don't have access to fresh air on a global scale.
The harmful pollutants present in the air can affect the human body, lungs, brain, and heart. Air pollution is also responsible for damaging the ozone layer which protects harmful radiation from the space.
We hope that as a human we can surely make this world a better place by going green globally and prevent pollution on a large scale.
Stay healthy, Stay safe and let's start breathing fresh air.