CV Raman, actually known as Dr. Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman was born on November 7 in 1888 in Tiruchirappalli, a city in Tamil Nadu. He took active participation and interest in the academic environment at a very young age. He got this inspiration from his father who was a lecturer in Mathematics and Physics.
When he was 11 years old, he passed his matriculation and after 2 years got his scholarship. He later joined Presidency College and received a graduate degree in 1904.
CV Raman was the only Indian who discovered how a light traverses a transparent material, how the deflected light changes the wavelength and amplitude. This subsequently came to be known as the Raman scattering and the process was called "Raman Effect".
On his discovery of the Raman Effect, CV Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 and thus he became the first Indian Nobel Laureate.
To commemorate the discovery, every year February 28th is celebrated as National Science Day.
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT CV RAMAN
- In 1917, CV Raman resigned from the government service after he was appointed as the first Palit Professor of Physics at the University of Calcutta.
- In 1926, he established the Indian Journal of Physics, which was also the second volume of the journal that published the discovery of the Raman Effect in the article A New Radiation.
- Dr. Ernest Rutherford, who discovered the nucleus and the proton, referred to Raman's spectroscopy in his presidential address to the Royal Society in 1929. For this CV Raman received a knighthood.
- In 1932, he discovered the quantum photon spin.
- CV Raman also worked on the acoustics of musical instruments and found the harmonic nature of the sounds of Indian drums.
- In 1954, the Indian Government awarded him with the highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna.
Remembering CV Raman for his contributions to science, On his 131st birth anniversary, Tributes were paid on Twitter:
CV Raman got married in 1907 to Lokasundari Ammal and had two sons, Chandrashekhar and Venkatraman Radhakrishnan (Radio astronomer).
He retired from the Indian Institute of Science in 1948 and established the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore one year later. There he served as the director and remained active for many years. He passed away in 1970, in Bangalore, at the age of 82.
"Treat me right and you will see the light…Treat me wrong and you will be gone!"
- CV Raman