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PUNJABI CINEMA : FROM LAHORE TO CHANDIGARH

By Mukul Arora . 25th May 2018 11:30pm
PUNJABI CINEMA : FROM LAHORE TO CHANDIGARH

Punjabi cinema is just few years younger to its hindi counterpart.It all started from Lahore when first Punjabi film was made in 1939. The film was titled "Gul Bakalvi" which starred Noor Jahan as a child artist. It was a new venture for Lahore film industry. Initially the film was released in Lahore and Amritsar. Luckily the film made a great opening and stood long at the box office.Soon after this Lahore became an important centre for Punjabi cinema as a lot of filmmakers came out with their own production houses. Pre partition Lahore was full of life as the city streets were filled with production offices. 1940 film "Yamla Jatt" which was focused on rural punjabi culture. The movie introduced Pran in lead role.The movie did a record opening at the box office. Main highlight of this film was its immense music which was composed by Master Ghulam Haider Amritsari who discovered singers such as Noor Jahan in 1939 and Shamshad Begam in 1940. Later in 1947 he made the biggest discovery with Lata Mangeshkar in Bombay (Mumbai). The year came as a dark year for Punjabi cinema as Lahore went to newly formed State of Pakistan. This resulted in relocating of all the People associated with Punjabi film industry to Bombay. The filmmakers tried to recreate a mini Punjab in Mumbai (Bombay). Chaman was the first film which was produced in Bombay post partition. Those who saw it They still miss that Lahori culture imprint. Sooner Pakistan re established the Lahore film industry with music directors Rashid Atre from Amritsar and G A Chishti from Jalandhar. Zubaida Khanum, a budding female singer from Amritsar, became Pakistan’s substitute for Lata Mangeshkar and Shamshad Begum. Soon after this Noor jahan joined from Bombay. between 1950-60 Lahore industry had successful run in Pakistan. Lahore film industry is really good in music as it has some of the greatest sufi singers in Asia. Mohammad Rafi sang his last Punjabi song in Chann Pardesi. Thus, a brand new local film industry started taking shape around Chandigarh and Mohali. Comedian Jaspal Bhatti also introduced an entertainment show, Ulta Pulta.