Are you suffering from lack of sleep? Well, you better start taking care of that because it might lead to numerous problems. Driving drowsily is dangerous for the drivers as well as the passengers. And also for the people who are on road. Lack of sleep can lead to accidents and crashes. For stopping this problem, the researchers have found a blood test for examining if one has skipped a night’s sleep or not.
During this study, the participants missed their sleep. During the 40 hour time period of lack of sleep, samples of blood were taken and changes in the levels of expression of multiple genes were examined.
A machine learning algorithm noticed a subset of 68 genes, with an accuracy level of 92% which had the ability to detect if the sample was sleep deprived or had a good night sleep.
This study has founded the way for a future test which will be able to identify if the driver of the vehicle was sleep deprived or not. Previous researches in this field have shown that the drivers who get 1 or 2 hours less sleep than the required hours, the risk of their car crash increases.
A researcher said, “Identifying these biomarkers is the first step to developing a test which can accurately calculate how much sleep an individual has had. The very existence of such biomarkers in the blood after only a period of 24-hour wakefulness shows the physiological impact a lack of sleep can have on our body.”
He also added, “This is a test for acute total sleep loss; the next step is to identify biomarkers for chronic insufficient sleep, which we know to be associated with adverse health outcomes.”