With Diwali being around the corner, the problem of air pollution has become a foreseeable problem. Much effort is being put to curb this by raising awareness by requesting a ban on crackers. Despite all this, the ultimate responsibility lies with people being responsible.
According to a report of WHO, the 14 world's most polluted cities are in India. Kanpur holds 1st rank and is followed by Faridabad and Varanasi. Delhi is at the sixth position making it clear that the capital is not far behind. The big cities are on this list which suggests that the problem of air pollution is a big one and is one of the major reasons for the increase in the number of health issues.
There are certain issues which people take up as myths. We have researched on those lines and below are some common myths and the reality check about air pollution:
Myth: One gets immune to polluted air by breathing it
The pollutants are poisonous substances which are discharged due to the burning of fuel. This affects the immune system and weakens it and a weak immune system means one can easily get chronic issues like asthma, lung cancer, COPD and also heart attacks.
Myth: Air indoors is cleaner than the outdoors
According to EPA, the air indoors is bad and many times even worse than the air outdoors. Different sources in our homes and offices might impact individually but is considered very harmful for the skin. Cooking, burning incense, candles, applying perfumes and deodorants minimise the quality of the air.
Myth: Bad quality of air is only present during winters
The quality of air in the Indian cities is far worse than the AQI standards which have been described by the CPCB. A survey was conducted in Indian every state which showed PM, ozone and the level of nitrogen oxide higher than the one prescribed by the CPCB. The grey sky is visible only during winters because of the inversion phenomenon.
Myth: Surgical masks are the best defence against air pollution
These masks do not prevent from inhaling of the air pollutants. Such masks don’t cover the face completely which lets the gap for pollutants to seep into through the sides.
Myth: There is nothing a man can do
Every person can make a difference by changing a few things in everyday lifestyle like switching to green fuels like petrol instead of diesel, practice more car pool and use public transport instead of private vehicle.
Myth: People with respiratory issues need to stress about it
Toxic substances are the main cause of air pollution. When inhaled, these enter the bloodstream, make the immune system weak and make us prone to deadly diseases. So, even the people who are healthy can develop any respiratory problem if exposed to bad air for long durations.