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GLOBAL TIGER DAY 2019 : WHAT IS THE REASON BEHIND THE DECLINE OF TIGER POPULATION

By Geetika Raleh . 29th July 2019 05:45pm
GLOBAL TIGER DAY 2019 : WHAT IS THE REASON BEHIND THE DECLINE OF TIGER POPULATION

Project Tiger in India was started in 1973. The project was a unique project in itself and was aimed at saving the tigers on the planet. Indira Gandhi promoted the project and later on her son Rajiv Gandhi promoted the project till 1990. Eventually, over a period of time, several changes took place in the project.

According to the WWF, approximately 3,900 wild tigers are in the world. Since the start of the 20th century, more than 95% of the tigers of the world have been lost. Various studies have shown that across the continent of Asia, a major crisis possesses a threat to the wild tigers.

The fact that the tigers are the biggest species of the cat family cannot be denied. They also are one of the most personified animals on Earth. About a century ago, there might have been more than 100,000 tigers which roamed on the planet.


An ambitious conversational goal was set up by the government of 13 countries to double the number of tigers. The aim was to increase this number by 2022. This is the TX2 goal.

HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL TIGER DAY

International Tiger Day was established in 2010 at Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia. The aim of this day was to create awareness among the reducing number of tigers, making them one of the most extinct species. In the Summit, a decision was made according to which the governments of the countries where tigers resided had promised to double the population of tigers by 2020.

Each year, various events are organized by animal organizations like WWF, IFAW and the Smithsonian Institute.

REASONS FOR THE DECLINING TIGER POPULATION


Following are some of the reasons which can be held responsible for the decline in the population of the tigers.

Poaching and illegal trade: Tigers face an acute problem when it comes to Chinese medicines because each and every part of the tiger is used for some purpose or the other. In the case of illegal trades, the prices of tiger products are kept extremely high.

Loss of habitat: With the alarming increase in the population, forests are being cleared for purposes like agriculture, industries, etc. These reasons have led to a loss of 93% of the natural habitats of the tigers.


Climatic change: climatic changes cause a rise in the level of the sea which eventually leads to wiping out of Sundarbans, one of the biggest habitats of the Royal Bengal Tigers.

Various diseases and problems: Many animals die and there is no certain way to find out the cause of their death. Some diseases like Feline Panleucopania, tuberculosis, etc. spread like an epidemic.

Man animal conflicts: Constant conflicts between the animals and the men also can be considered one of the major reasons for the loss of the tiger population.

No funds: To maintain proper habitats for the tigers, having funds is a necessity. But due to lack of funds, the authorities are not able to maintain the correct living conditions for the tigers, leading to the decline in the tiger population.


TIGER COUNT IN INDIA

According to the tiger count maintained by the Government of India, the population of the tigers has increased by 6% per annum when they were continuously observed and compared from 2006 to 2018. The population of Asian tigers was recorded at 1,411 which increased to 2,226 in 2014. According to the latest count of the tigers, it is not estimated to be at 2,967.

Madhya Pradesh recorded a prominent increase in the tiger population with an evaluation of 526 tigers when compared to 308 in 2014. Next in line is Karnataka with a total of 524 tigers. These two states have the highest tiger population in the country.

The number of the predators has also increased in Uttrakhand where the count of the tigers stands at 442, next in line being Maharashtra with 312 tigers and Tamil Nadu with 264 tigers.


In the video below, you will get to see how we really get the fur coats and the items which have fur on them. Also, we would like to warn that this might not be a pleasant sight for animal lovers.

The animals are taken away from their mothers at a very tender age and they are properly nurtured and protected. Throughout the four seasons, the animals are taken well care by the authorities.

By the time they reach the age of eight or nine months, they are forcibly taken out of their cages, hung upside down and electrocuted. Later the authorities take off the fur and sell them at high prices.

Approximately 110 animals are killed every year for the fur.

Almost 16 million are trapped for their fur each year.